Basic Grammar (Grammatik)

The English sentence structure is: Subjekt - Verb - Objekt (SVO)

* Sie müssen einen Satz jedoch nicht immer mit einem Nomen des Objekts beenden

    S .     V .    O . 
Children play games


Nouns make up the largest class of words in most languages, including English. A noun is a word that refers to a thing (book), a person (Betty Crocker), an animal (cat), a place (Omaha), a quality (softness), an idea (justice), or an action (yodeling). It's usually a single word, but not always: cake, shoes, school bus, and time and a half are all nouns.


Verbs are words that show an action (sing), occurrence (develop), or state of being (exist). Almost every sentence requires a verb. The basic form of a verb is known as its infinitive. The forms call, love, break, and go are all infinitives. Verbs also inflect for agreement with the subject, for tense, for voice, for mood, or for aspect.

    S .       V .   adjective
Cheetahs run ------- fast


Adjectives describe or modify—that is, they limit or restrict the meaning of—nouns and pronouns. They may name qualities of all kinds: huge, red, angry, unique tremendous, rare, etc. An adjective usually comes right before a noun: "a red dress," "fifteen people." When an adjective follows a linking verb such as be or seem, it is called a predicate adjective: "That building is huge," "The workers seem happy."


Adverbs typically serve as a modifier of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a preposition, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence, expressing some relation of manner or quality, place, time, degree, number, cause, opposition, affirmation, or denial, and in English also serving to connect and to express comment on clause content.An adverb answers the question when?, where?, how?, how much?, how long?, or how often.

Achten Sie auf die Konjugationen der Verben, weil sie Ihnen sagen, was Ihre Verwendung anspannt.

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